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Bioeconomy project

Bioeconomy 4.0 & Carbon 4.0

Data driven knowledge creation and utilization in bio processes and in complex carbon ecosystems

  • BIOECONOMY 4.0 – Data driven knowledge creation and utilization in bio processes / to strenghten  the strategic research profiles HAMK research units 
  • CARBON 4.0: Analysis and utilization of biological data in complex carbon ecosystems 
  • Project duration: Bioeconomy 4.0: 1.1.2019-31.12.2021, Carbon 4.0: 1.3.2019-31.12.2020
  • Project financing: Ministry of Education and Culture
  • #bioeconomy4.0 #carbon4.0

BIOECONOMY 4.0 and CARBON 4.0 projects combine the competences and research excellence of four research units, HAMK Bio, HAMK Smart, HAMK Tech, and HAMK Edu, around one cross-disciplinary research area, digitalized bioeconomy.

The BIOECONOMY 4.0 project focuses on the utilization of data analysis and interpretation in the value chains of food production. In this research area, the project uses the methods and tools of data analysis, IoT, and machine learning in analyzing, monitoring, and optimizing the production chains of e.g. dairy products, vertical farming, and algae growing.

CARBON 4.0 project develops digitalized measurements as well as IoT-based data collection, analysis, and interpretation in the context of carbon and nutrient dynamics. Specific application areas in the project are related to carbon and nutrient binding, both representing key development areas directly related to the climate change and the condition of surface waters.


Project requires close involvement of external partners both from industry and academic world. Besides increasing competence at HAMK, collaboration with chosen partners from different areas of the production chain enables the real understanding and possibilities to improve the management of bio-processes by digitalization.

The following partners are involved:

The list of publications is complemented on this page as projects progress.

  • Navetta 4.0 — navetan olosuhteiden jatkuva mittaaminen



  • Deep learning image recognition of cow behavior near an automatic milking robot with an open data set (vertaisarvioitavana)


Helsingin Sanomat, Yrittäjä 09/2020



  • BIOECONOMY 4.0 tutkii data-analyysin ja digitalisaation menetelmien hyödyntämistä ruuan tuotannon arvoketjuissa. Hanke toteutetaan yhteistyössä HAMKin neljän eri tutkimusyksikön kanssa. 
  • CARBON 4.0 keskittyy digitalisaation hyödyntämiseen hiilen ja ravinteiden sitomiseen liittyvissä biologisissa prosesseissa. Hanke toteutetaan yhteistyössä HAMKin neljän eri tutkimusyksikön kanssa. 
  • Projektien kesto: Bioeconomy 4.0: 1.1.2019-31.12.2021, Carbon 4.0: 1.3.2019-31.12.2020 
  • Projektien rahoitus: Opetus- ja kulttuuriministeriön ammattikorkeakoulujen strategisen profiloitumisen rahoitus 
  • Seuraa hanketta sosiaalisessa mediassa #bioeconomy4.0 #carbon4.0 


BIOECONOMY 4.0 ja CARBON 4.0 -hankkeet tuovat yhteen Hämeen ammattikorkeakoulun neljän tutkimusyksikön, HAMK Bion, HAMK Edun, HAMK Smartin ja HAMK Techin, osaamisen digitaalisen biotalouden sovellusalueiden ympärille. Hankkeissa yhteiskehitetään monialaisia tutkimusmenetelmiä sekä tarkastellaan, miten hiilidioksidipäästöjä voitaisiin vähentää ruuantuotantoketjussa ja biologisissa prosesseissa. 

BIOECONOMY 4.0 -hankkeessa keskitytään ruuan tuotannon arvoketjuihin. Hanke hyödyntää esimerkiksi koneoppimista ja IoT-osaamista ruoan tuotannon arvoketjujen datan keräämisessä ja analysoinnissa. Bioeconomy 4.0 -hankkeessa tehdään data-analyysejä ja tulkintaa muun muassa maidontuotannon, kerrosviljelyn ja leväkasvatuksen prosesseissa. 

Carbon 4.0 -hankkeessa puolestaan tarkastellaan datalähtöisesti hiilen ja ravinteiden sitomisen menetelmiä biologisissa prosesseissa. Hankkeessa kehitetään digitaalisia menetelmiä sekä IoTperusteista datan keruuta, analyysiä ja tulkintaa hiili- ja ravinnekierrossa 

Sekä Bioeconomy 4.0 että Carbon 4.0 -hankkeet jakautuvat neljään osaprojektiin. Bioeconomy 4.0 -hankkeen osaprojektit keskittyvät maitoketjuun, leväreaktoriin, kerrosviljelyyn ja biokiertoon. Carbon 4.0 -hankkeen osaprojektit ovat lantaketju, biohiili suodatuksessa, hiili kaupunkivihreässä sekä hiili biojäteketjussa. Lisätietoja osaprojekteista ja yhteystiedot löytyvät alasvetovalikoista. 

Tutustu myös hankkeista kertovaan blogikirjoitukseen. 


B4: Milk chain


Analyzing data gathered from different parts of the milk chain. At the beginning, the focus is on combining milking robot data with the cowshed condition data, and identifying different cause and effect relationships.

  • Subproject Manager Ilpo Pölönen, +358 40 830 5984

Ilpo Pölönen


B4: Algae cultivation


Update of algae reactors and sensing. Enabling continuous education through data analysis. Development of kinetic growth models for simulation and optimization of algae farming.

  • Subproject Manager Ulla Moilanen
     +358 50 574 5192


B4: Vertical farming


Research trends in multilayer cultivation: 1. Moisture sensor + organic substrates 2. Fertilization recommendations for multilayer cultivation 3. Producing value dividends 4. Microfibres and plants

  • Subproject Manager Marika Tossavainen
  •, +358 50 353 1201


B4: Biocirculation


Ecosystem analysis based on side flows of food industry in Kangasala region, Finland

  • Subproject Manager Maritta Kymäläinen
  •, +358 50 470 667

Maritta Kymäläinen

C4: Carbon in cow manure


Even though composting has many known positive effects on different biomasses, it is the fact that from the recycling point of view, remarkable losses of nitrogen and carbon takes place in the process. It is known that biochar supply affects composting. In this project we investigate if biochar supply affects recycling of nutrients and carbon in cow manure.

  • Subproject Manager Ilpo Pölönen,
  •, +358 40 830 5984







Manure nanofibrils
Rumination is known to modify plant based biomass in a way that facilitates release of fine cellulose nanofibrils and nanocrystals. We will study how cellulose exiting the digestive system of a cow can be turned into nanocellulose. We will study chemical methods for nanocellulose preparation, characterize the resulting materials and research their potential application areas.

  • Päivi Laaksonen
  •, +358 047 16 288

C4: Biochar field


A biochar field experiment has been established in September 2019 at Mustiala Campus. The purpose of this field is to serve as a long-term experiment which can be utilized to investigate both agronomic and environmental influences of biochar amendments. Digital approaches including drones and soil sensors will be used to monitor the field.

  • Subproject Manager: Jari Hyväluoma
  •, +358 50 471 3552









C4: Carbon sequestation and urban vegetation


The role of urban greenspaces in carbon balance builds on different implementation and management phases. These phases are different in public and private areas. This part of the project concentrates on public green spaces as different types of vegetation coverage and, on the other hand, as gardening practices in private plots as a way to support plant growth and increase carbon concentrations in the garden soils. It would be tempting to concentrate on tree plantations to improve carbon sequestration in all urban greenspaces. However, the lawns provide multifunctional and essential areas for residents outdoor activities that area designed and constructed to tolerate compaction. Furthermore, lawns and meadows form one category of urban habitats supporting biodiversity of flora and fauna. How can urban vegetation (and its soils) better support carbon sequestration, multifunctionality and biodiversity at the same time?

  • Subproject Manager Outi Tahvonen
  •, +358 40 351 9352

C4: Carbon in waste management


Biochar and its production can have a key role in circular economy and offer a sustainable option for water and waste management. At HAMK, the production of biochar from waste materials and residues, and the use of the produced biochars are studied in several projects. In this project, the focus is on the integration of biochar to biogas process, to enhance biogas production and improve nutrient recycling.

  • Subproject Manager Maritta Kymäläinen
  •, +358 50 470 667

Maritta Kymäläinen


  • Milla Anttila
  • Project Manager, HAMK Bio


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