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RIFS

Risk-aware fire safety in sustainable sprinklered buildings using computational modelling

Project info

ProjectRisk-aware fire safety in sustainable sprinklered buildings using computational modelling (RIFS)
Duration1.9.2021-2024
ImplementorHämeen ammattikorkeakoulu
FundingPalosuojelurahasto PSR
Budget156 335 €

RIFS project investigates the fire dynamics of multi-storey and single-storey buildings with timber and light steel frames.

Building fires have become a major concern in our society. In recent decades, the popularity of timber and light-frame (LSF) residential buildings has increased due to their sustainability, energy efficiency, circular economy and cost-effectiveness. According to the Ministry of Environment’s building plan, the market share of wood-frame apartment buildings will rise to 46% in 2025 from 3% today. However, the fire safety of these sustainable buildings is challenging due to the combustibility of wood materials, plastics and building insulation.

Advances in computational technology will enable detailed studies of fire growth and spread, smoke propagation and structural stability in sprinkler-equipped sustainable buildings. The effectiveness of sprinklers and the influence of sprinkler parameters on fire control and structural protection can be studied in great detail.

The sprinkler system effectively controls fire and cools structures, being also a cost-effective fire safety solution for sustainable residential buildings.

The project investigates the fire dynamics of multi-storey and single-storey buildings with timber and light steel frames. Fires in single-storey warehouses will be investigated to determine the effect of installed sprinklers. Fire safety design solutions for sustainable buildings will be reviewed and the verified and pre-approved solutions will be submitted to the fire authorities and design offices. The project will develop a sensor-based intelligent sprinkler system to increase the reliability of sprinklers up to 99.5%. The project also aims to organise training sessions for firefighters, planners and authorities. In addition, reports produced during the project and other materials will be made freely available.

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